This is the Great Opportunity of Loreto to Generate Wealth and Development for Your Entire Population.
With the presence of important domestic and foreign investors, authorities of the National University of Ucayali (an entity that has signed an interinstitutional agreement with Lorente Reforest SAC), main representatives of the Italian-Peruvian company RAINFORST and students of forestry sciences, the forum was held: "Competitive Loreto: New Model of Agroforestry, Ecotourism and Cultural Development", on June 28 in the facilities of the magna classroom of the Unap.
The event offered participants five keynote lectures by prominent exhibitors such as Enrique Lorente Pastor, researcher of plant intelligence; Jorge Chávez Alvarez, executive chairman of MAXIMIXE; Fernando Cillóniz Benavides, former governor of the Ica region; Teófilo Meza Taipe, head of the SUNARP (Ucayali) registration unit and Jorge Romano Nájar, commercial director of Lorente Reforest.
This forum has created a huge interest in domestic and foreign investors who will bet on Loreto. The exhibitors made it irrefutably clear that our region has extraordinary agroforestry, tourism and cultural potential, which must be used to develop industries that generate abundant wealth and development in a sustainable way.
Agroforestry Plantations, the Great Development Opportunity!!
In most South American and world countries, a forestry industry based on forest plantations has developed, generating great economic gains and thousands of jobs (4 million people work in Brazil); in Peru, THIS ACTIVITY DOES NOT EXIST, and continues with the extractive policy of our primary forests, causing serious environmental, economic and social damage.
Taking Chile as an example, the neighboring country has 2 million hectares of pine and eucalyptus forest plantations, which are low-cost species, highly vulnerable to fires and pests, that aggravate the water deficit and desert soil. However, it exports forest products for about US$ 7 billion per year; the Chilean forestry industry contributes 3.5% of GDP, and is the second most important national economic activity after mining.
Loreto has 2 million deforested hectares where forest plantations can be established with native Amazonian species of high value, such as Mahogany (Swietenia macrophylla), Cedar (Cedrela odorata), Palo Rosa (Aniba rosaeodora), Violeta ( Dalbergia cearensis), Shihuahuaco (Diypteryx micrantha), Huayruro (Ormosia coccinea), Pali Sangre (Brosimum rubescens) and fast-growing such as Bolaina (Guazuma crinita), Capirona (Calycophyllum spruceanum), Marupa (Simarouba amara), associated with tropical fruits of high international demand.
Our forest species are the highest quality in the world, with considerably higher prices for pine and eucalyptus. Therefore, the development potential of the forestry sector in Loreto should be moderately, about 5 times the order of Chile, so we would be wasting the opportunity to generate forest production of more than US$35 billion per year, giving quality work to the entire population of the jungle. Across Peru there are 10 million hectares deforested, which if REFORESTED, Peru would become an enviable forest power worldwide.
It is clear that forest plantations are the future of our country, a multibillion-dollar industry that can outperform mining exports, which at the end of 2018 totaled US$ 29,451 million (MINEM). Regarding oil, Sunat reports as of June this year indicate that we have imported more than $1.3 billion of crude oil, last year we imported more than $2.3 billion, foreign exchange that comes out to favor the development of other countries.
The advantages of wood.
Wood is the second raw material by turnover in the world after oil. FAO says that in the near future, despite all the forests currently being planted, there will be a wood deficit of 500 million cubic meters.
Wood can be sown, gold and oil can't. Wood is renewable, not polluted. Exponential population growth and a ban on the logging of prime forests will lead to increased demand for timber globally. Minerals and oil are controlled by a few countries and have oscillating prices, while wood, according to the Chicago Commodity Exchange, over the past 180 years, has revaluation above 2% the price to the rest of the Raw Materials.
For the installation of high value Amazon forest plantations, we have the climatic advantages and highly productive lands that allow accelerated growth of 3 or 4 times faster compared to other countries.
It was always said that our region does not develop because of a lack of electricity, the internet and roads. No more excuses: reforestation does not require expensive irrigation systems, as we have high rainfall, reforestation does not require huge amounts of electricity, reforestation does not require high-speed internet; wood as it is not a perishable product, can be transported by river, and freight costs are offset by the high value of the wood, and within the proposal set out in the forum, there is the possibility of transporting our products through high c airships load apocity.
THERE ARE NO EXCUSES. It is therefore unacceptable that the country's largest and richest region of natural resources remains one of the poorest, least developed and isolated in the world market.
Loreto can be an economic power based on three development axes: agroforestry plantations, tourism and culture. However, the backlog of our region is due to a lack of political will, bureaucracy and corruption, which has prevented the development of a competitive industry and encouraged informality and illegal logging, which lead to high levels of deforestation, a figure that leads to high levels of deforestation, a figure that currently exceeds 10 million hectares deforested. It is alarming that 90% of the sale of timber in Loreto comes from illegal logging, which significantly reduced exports.
Our country is more than 40 years behind, our exports are comparable to those of Chile in 1975 (US$ 125.5 million) At the national level the forestry industry generates minimal contribution to the economy (less than 1% of GDP), and has a trade balance negative, despite our enormous potential, shamefully our country is a net importer of wood, last year we had to import 47,566 tons of sawn wood, of which 40,202 tons were purchased from Chile.
The State should make every effort to attract large investments with appropriate incentives (as was done in the Chilean case) to enable the creation of sustainable work in Loreto, Ucayali and Madre de Dios, and thereby create poles of sustainable development in the jungle , giving value to added to the wood extracted and worked in the sawmills. This would also stop the migration of the mountain range into the forest that ends in unsustainable agriculture, forest predation, or in the rivers of cocaine.
To achieve these objectives, we need political will and a regulatory framework that favors private investment, secures private property, roots out land invasions and allows agroforestry plantations to be registered Public. In this way we will develop a competitive industry internationally, creating around it a wide range of supplier companies, as well as an important production chain.
Loreto deserves to be the richest region in Peru. LORETO IF HE PRODUCES.